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Eng Course- All about Grammar of Italian- Download Free PDF


INDEX
0. INTRODUCTION ________________________________________________________ 5
0.1. SPPP ______________________________________________________________ 5
1. AGREEMENT___________________________________________________________ 7
1.1 PNG Agreement: Determiners and nouns __________________________________ 7
1.2 PNG Agreement: Verbs and nouns (subjects and objects)______________________ 7
1.3 PNG Agreement: Adjectives and nouns (modified)____________________________ 8
2. SELECTION CRITERIA___________________________________________________ 9
2.1 Auxiliaire selection ____________________________________________________ 9
2.2 CAT Selection & Predicative Structures ___________________________________ 11
2.2.1. Still missing... _________________________________________________ 12
2.3 PFORM Selection (for verb arguments) ___________________________________ 12
2.4 COMPL(ementizer) Selection ___________________________________________ 12
3. ARGUMENT STRUCTURE _______________________________________________ 13
3.1. Optionality _________________________________________________________ 13
3.2 Free Order (subj inversion or ellipsis, NP-PP and NP-AP inversion)_____________ 13
4. PASSIVATION _________________________________________________________ 15
5. RESTRUCTURING VERBS _______________________________________________ 17
6. RAISING AND CONTROL VERBS _________________________________________ 18
7. CLAUSAL COMPLEMENTS ______________________________________________ 19
8. CLITICS ______________________________________________________________ 20
8.1. Preliminary overview _________________________________________________ 20
8.1.1. Proclitics vs Enclitics____________________________________________ 20
8.1.2 Clitics “combining”______________________________________________ 20
8.1.3 Clitics “compounding” ___________________________________________ 20
8.1.4. Clitic climbing _________________________________________________ 20
8.1.5 Clitic doubling__________________________________________________ 21
8.1.6 Gender, number, person, case ____________________________________ 21
8.1.7. Argument vs Modifier role ________________________________________ 22
8.2. Lexical information in the Italian grammar (v. 0.3) ___________________________ 22
8.2.1. Information in "lexicon.tdl" and “italian-grammar” files __________________ 22
8.3. A lexical approach to cliticization ________________________________________ 24
8.4. The current treatment of cliticization in the Italian grammar ___________________ 25
8.5. The head-comp rules _________________________________________________ 26

8.5.1 A new comp-rule (“head-final”) ____________________________________ 26
8.5.2 Specific schemata 1 ____________________________________________ 26
8.5.3. Specific schemata 2 ____________________________________________ 27
8.5.4 Surface order _________________________________________________ 27
8.6. Interactions between auxiliary selection, agreement and cliticization ____________ 28
8.6.1 Examples: ____________________________________________________ 28
8.6.2 Final remarks on auxiliary selection ________________________________ 29
8.7. Still missing ... ______________________________________________________ 29
9 SEMANTIC ROLES - SYNTACTIC FUNCTIONS LINKING_______________________ 30
9.1. Still missing... _______________________________________________________ 31
10 PERCEPTION VERBS IN ITALIAN ________________________________________ 32
10.1. PDS verbs complementation __________________________________________ 32
10.1.1. Infinitive complementation: cases j - k - l ________________________ 33
10.1.2. Finite complementation: cases m - n ______________________________ 39
10.1.3. Predicative structure complementation: case o ______________________ 40
10.2. Implementing perception verbs in the italian grammar (v. 0.3) ________________ 42
11 ABSOLUTE PHRASES: PARTICIPIAL AND GERUNDIVE______________________ 44
11.1. Introduction _______________________________________________________ 44
11.2. The treatment of AAPs and APPs in the italian grammar ____________________ 45
11.3. The absolute phrase sentence position __________________________________ 49
11.4. Still missing… _____________________________________________________ 50
APPENDIX I: 130 TEST ITEMS (with a rough english version)____________________ 51


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