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Transactional analysis (TA) is both a theory of personality and an organized system of
interactional therapy. It is grounded on the assumption that we make current decisions based on
past premises—premises that were at one time appropriate to our survival needs but that may no longer be valid. TA emphasizes the cognitive and behavioral aspects of the therapeutic process.
Within TA there are three recognized schools—classical, Schiffian (or reparenting), and
redecisional—and two unofficial schools identified as self-reparenting and corrective parenting.
The redecisional school has gained in prominence and is the focus of this chapter.
The goal of transactional analysis is autonomy, which is defined as awareness,
spontaneity, and the capacity for intimacy. In achieving autonomy people have the capacity to
make new decisions (redecide), thereby empowering themselves and altering the course of their
lives. As a part of the process of TA therapy, clients learn how to recognize the three ego
states—Parent, Adult, and Child—in which they function. Clients also learn how their current
behavior is being affected by the rules they received and incorporated as children and how they
can identify the “lifescript” that is determining their actions. This approach focuses on early
decisions that each person has made, and it stresses the capacity of clients to make new decisions
to change aspects of their lives that are no longer working.
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